Modern architecture is more of an outcome of technological evolution than history. With the increase in complications in the world, nature has offered a few restrictions to us, in turn of our selfish activities.



Ever since the first half of the 20th century , the modern architecture and the technologically advanced styles have come into limelight.


Father of modern architecture.

This honour has been entitled to Louis Henry Sullivan. He was an American architect who was also referred to as the “father of skyscrapers”. He has been a mentor to many pioneering works of architecture. He had also been into theatre creations along with his partner.


Revolutions of science..

The breaking away through the historical science was made in hands with the evolution of science. The engineering, technology and the chemistry behind the building materials had faced a sudden upgrading which lead to the desires of out breaking the stereotypes. The invent of systematic and completely scientific constructions had starting taking places with a fresh zeal.


The use of cast iron, plate glass and reinforced concrete were proven to build stronger, lighter and taller constructions. The manufacture of glass plate had led to the construction of larger window panes.

The main motive behind such evolutions and changes were greater accommodations within a shorter space. This needed systematic planning and better technologies.

Examples of such constructions of that period include

  1. The Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton in the year of 1851.
  2. Home Insurance building in Chicago by William Le Baron Jenney in the year of1884.
  3. The 1889 Paris Universal Exposition.

The elevator..

Another important invention of technology was the elevator. The construction of high rise, rather sky scrapping buildings had led to need for a system of transport within the buildings. Elisha Otis had invented the safety elevator. This had its first demonstration done at the Crystal Palace exposition in the year of 1852.

Elisha Graves Otis

He is the founder of the present day Otis Elevator company. Being an American industrialist in his early life, he had invented the safety device that prevents an elevator from falling down as a result of gravitational pull , in case the electric cable fails to work at an instant.

The advent of modern Europe.

With the inventions gaining a successful progress, a few architects, during the end of the 19th century, had started challenging their traditional styles of that period which included the Neoclassical styles and Beaus Art forms. These two patterns had been dominating the architectures of Europe and United States in a significant time duration.

Art Nouveau.

This is an international form that includes various modern architectural designs, especially the decorative arts. This included the carvings of various natural forms of life like the plants and flowers. This was often termed as the academic art.

Examples in Europe.

Some examples of architecture from the period of advent of modern styles in the European countries are :

  1. The Glassgow school of Art.
  2. Austrian Postal Savings Bank, etc.


A Style…

Owing to the curiosity after visiting the vast number of buildings; the huge variety of architectural styles; starting from the medieval variations to the modern ones; I have noticed that at every era, a number of architects have implemented their idea of design. Every architect definitely derives an inspiration from the works that have been grouped under a head, for example, the Islamic architectures, the Gothic ones, etc. However, at the end of the day, it is the designer’s creation. It is an unique form that makes our jaws drop.

Here’s a brief listing of some of the world famous architectural styles that have been encouraging the beautiful minds of our architects from all time:

  1. Modern architecture
  2. Gothic architecture
  3. Neoclassical architecture
  4. Classical architecture
  5. Victorian architecture
  6. Romanesque architecture
  7. Ancient Greek architecture
  8. Gothic Revival architecture
  9. Vernacular architecture
  10. Ancient Roman architecture.
  11. Renaissance architecture
  12. Georgian architecture
  13. Greek Revival architecture
  14. Post-modern architecture
  15. Classicism
  16. Italianate architecture
  17. American craftsman
  18. Islamic architecture
  19. Hindu temple architecture
  20. Byzantine architecture
  21. Federal architecture
  22. Medieval architecture
  23. Ancient Egyptian architecture
  24. Chinese architecture
  25. Sustainable architecture
  26. Baroque architecture
  27. Colonial revival architecture
  28. Brutalist architecture
  29. Tudor architecture
  30. Second Empire architecture
  31. Contemporary architecture
  32. Japanese architecture
  33. Dutch Colonial Revival architecture
  34. English Gothic architecture
  35. Palladian architecture
  36. Mission Revival architecture
  37. Edwardian architecture
  38. Pueblo Revival architecture
  39. American Queen Anne style

and there has a lot more in the history along a lot more that are on the verge of getting added to it.


Being informative..

Architectures talk. They talk of the past. They talk of those moments when there was life in it; when people actually reigned through them; when they were in their present. Architectures share all their memories in moments.

The reason behind the development and the importance of giving regional styles an elite place in the list, is that, it speaks of a particular region; their culture, their people, them at a particular time; it takes us into that regional present in the history.

The spaces between the verbal descriptions by the tour guide are filled with the captured tiny details of the carvings. There is a reason why the Mohenjodaro culture had their Great Bath; there is a reason why we have studied that the Indus Valley civilisation is about those well planned houses surrounded by the verandas.

The colloquial etiquettes are dug out of history through  these architectures. That tallest tower in the fort from where the king would see his entire kingdom all at once has a sentiment embracing its walls.


Our ancestors talk..

The moments in the past, when our ancestors had their present cannot be just a page in the history. The architectures tell us the way they lived and the way they loved.


We are all in bound within these peripheries of trust that these memories are strong enough to retain forever.

Victoria Memorial: Indo-Sarecenic Ravel Architecture

The large marble building in Kolkata summoned as the Victoria Memorial is an example of the rich heritage of Kolkata, West Bengal, India since 1921. It is dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria and is at present used as a museum and a tourist site by the Indian Ministry of Culture.


This beautiful structure had been architected by the then president of The Royal Institute of British Architects, William Emersion.

The gardens of the Victoria memorial had been designed by Lord Redesdale and David Parin.

The bridge at the northern aspect accompanied by the garden gates had been designed by Vincent J.Esch that is ,the then assistant of William Emersion.



Influence and Style:

This is a design in the Indo-Sarecenic Ravel style conjugating the  British and Mughal elements with influences derived from the Venetian, Egyptian, Deccani and Islamic architects.


The building is 338 feet by 228 feet and rises to a height of 184 feet. This construction is made of the Markana marble.

Markana marble :

This is a type of high quality white marble used specifically for structural décor purpose. The type is so called due to it’s mining origin in the town of Markana situated in Rajasthan, India. The same has also been used in the construction of the majestic Taj Mahal at Agra, India.

Geology and property:

In the Markana area , five steeply dipping bands are found. These bands refer to the orientation of a geologic feature.

The Markana marble being one of the two calcite marble varieties of India is not subjected to any kind of treatment after getting mined. Rather they are directly subjected to cutting and chiselling straight away.


The work of constructing the design had been entrusted with the Messrs.Martin & Co. of Calcutta after a few years of the laying of the foundation stone.


The top of the central dome of the construction is embraced by the 16 feet figure of the Angel of Victory. There are a few other archaeological structures surrounding this dome as well.

There are 25 galleries in the Victoria memorial.

A few of them to be named are :

  • The royal gallery
  • The central hall
  • The national leader’s gallery
  • Portrait hall
  • The sculpture gallery

And so on.



The beautiful greenery, sprawling across a 64 acre area. They are currently maintained by a team of 21 gardeners.

On the Esch’s bridge, there is a bronze statue of Queen Victoria seated on throne wearing the robes of the Star of India. This was made by George Frampton.

The Star of India or the Most Exalted Star of India is an order od chivalry that was established by Queen Victoria in the year of 1861. The order had inclusions of members of three classes. Namely:

1)Knight Grand Commander

2)       Knight Commander

3) Companion

Sir George James Frampton, having born on the 18th day of June,1860 was a notable British Sculptor.


This place is worth a visit.

MALTA: Home of Ancient Megaliths

Maltese Prehistory : Malta rests on an underwater ridge which extends from North Africa to Sicily. It is believed from the proofs kept by the marine fossils that is embedded on rocks in the highest point of Malta, that this place happened to be submerged somewhere in the distant past.

The ridge is believed to have pushed up resulting in the Strait of Gibraltar closing through tectonic activity. The sea was lower and Malta lied on a bridge of dry land that extended between the two continents, surrounded by large lakes.


Neolithic Age :

This age is also referred to as the Stone Age. According to the ASPRO chronology, this was the period of development of the human technology, starting with in some parts of Middle East further spreading across to some other parts through the globe.

Traditionally, however the Neolithic Age is considered to be the last part of the Stone Age succeeding towards the terminal Holocene Epipaleolithic period during which the commencement of activities such as farming were introduced leading to a ‘Neolithic Revolution’.

This period and Malta : The first Neolithic period  had convincingly arrived from Sicily during 5200BC leaving evidences of fishing , farming and some hunting activities.

Temple period at Malta :This period starting at around 3600BC is one of the most notable periods of Malta’s history.

Ggantija :

This is a megalithic temple complex of the Neolithic period situated on the Mediterranean island of Gozo.  These temples are the oldest of the free standing Megalithic temples of Malta. This structure is also a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Architecture of Ggantija:

The temples are elements of a site in fertility rite. A fertility rite is a religious rite that enacts either actually or symbolically the sexual acts or reproductive processes to be specific.

The Megalithic temples consist of two complete temples and an incomplete one. They face the equinox sunrise and are built side by side , enclosed within a boundary wall. The southerly one is the larger and older one, claiming to be preserved from a past of around 3600 BC.

They have five aspes. An aspe is the recess of the shape of a semicircle covered by a hemispherical vault or a semi dome, popularly known as the Exedra. There are traces of plaster that covered the irregular wall that is still clinging between the blocks.

The temples bear the shape of a typical cover leaf having their inner walls marking the shape. Such an effort in that period of technology is definitely a remarkable one in history.

There are a series of semi-circular aspes connected with the central passage. This led to the assumption that perhaps the aspes were originally covered by roofing.

Small stones have been discovered attaching the evidences of association of ball bearings used for transportation purposes. The five aspes contain various altars having used as a site for animal sacrifice as is evident from the animal bones found.

Lotus Temple: Abode Of Faith

Location :The Lotus Temple located in the Indian capital city of Delhi is actually the Baha’i House Of Worship. To be more précise, this temple is situated in Bahapur, a village in New Delhi.

Architect:  The name of the Iranian architect is FariborzSahba. He is now a resident of Canada.

FariborzSahba : He is an Iranian – American architect. He designs the Baha’i architectures. He possesses a Master’s degree educational qualification crowned by the faculty of Fine Arts from the University of Tehran.

Expressionist Architectural Style : This was an architectural movement in Europe. This indicated that the architecture contained the individual thinking and ideas of the architecture which may or may not be influenced by some established structures. They are outcomes of some emotional effect or portraying a thought through symbolism.

Baha’i House of Worship: This is the place of worship of the Baha’i faith. The Baha’i faith teaches equality among all people irrespective of their religion or caste. This faith is a religion that preaches the essential worth of every religion and improvises unity among all.

Structure :The structure of this temple is an inspiration of the lotus flower. This house of worship contains 27 freely hanging marble petals clustered in groups of three forming a total of 9 sides. There are nine doors on the nine sides shown by the petals. Each of which opens up to the central hall that can accommodate around 2500 people at a time.

The surface of this House of Worship has been made of white marble that has been mined from the Greek Mountain named Penteli Mountain. This is the marble using which every other, whether ancient of modern day Baha’i monuments are made.

Besides, the area in which the temple stands has 26 acres asit’s own property. This area contains ponds and gardens ornamentally decorating the temple.

Construction and credits : This magnificent construction of the beautiful architecture was constructed by the ECC Constructions Group possessed  by the Larsen &Tourbo Limited.

Larsen &TourboLimited : This is an India based multi – national company with its headquarters in Mumbai, India. The company holds its business interests in different sectors such as construction. Engineering, informational technology and some more.

Fund credit :A major part of the fund required for purchasing the land for this construction purpose had been donated by ArdishirRustampur of Hyderabad , Sindh.

Electricity : The entire temple glows using solar power. This saves the cost of electricity. The Lotus Temple is the first ever temple in Delhi that uses solar power as its source of electricity.

Tourism:  This place is increasingly attracting more and more tourists every year. To around 70 million tourists in the late 2001 to around 100 million tourists have been visiting this temple in the year of 2014 and the number is still counting.

Attraction : This places attracts tourists due its rich heritage of professional architecture along with art and religious works.

Char Minar: Much Ado About Nothing

Location : The CharMinar is a historical monument located in  Hyderabad, Telengana, India. The monument is located on the east bank of the Musi River.

MusiRiver : This river is basically a tributary belonging to the Krishna River that flows through the Deccan Plateau across the Telangana state in India.

Pride:  Charminar has it’s name enlisted in the Archaeological and Architectural treasures on the official list of Monuments that is prepared by the Archaeological Survey Of India.

Archaeological Survey of India: Also, abbreviated as the ASI is a National government agency that is a wing of the Ministry of Culture. This body is responsible for archaeological research and the preservance of the architecture heritage of India.

History: The Charminar had been built by the fifth ruler of Qutb Dynasty, Sultan Muhammad QuliQutb Shah in the year of 1591. Due to this amazing historical architecture, this landmark has become a global icon of Hyderabad.

Indo-Islamic Architecture Style :This style of architecture basically portrays the Indian Architectural System along with the taste of Islamic Culture. This kind of shapes basically took place with the advent of Islamic tradition in the Indian Subcontinent.

Persian Architecture:  This kind of architecture sights the traits of Iranian architecture and flavours of architects from different parts of West and Central Asia.

The architecture of Charminar : The Charminar is a form of indo – Islamic Architecture with influences derived from the Persian Architectural styles.

History in the History :At a time during the reign of the Mughal governorship, the south western minaret had fallen into pieces having struck by a lightning of some enormous intensity for the monument. It is was then repaired at a cost of 60,000 rupees. Later, in the year of 1824 , the monument had under done a finer repairmen owing a cost of one lakh rupees.

Structure :The Charminar is basically a masjid. It bears the shape of a square. There are four, each approximately around 66 feet long, grand arches. Each grand arch faces a chief point that leads to four different streets. At each corner of the square stands a 56 metre long minaret having a double balcony. Each individual minaret have been crowned by a dome with petal like designs at its base. There are a total of 149 steps that leads to the top most floor. The entire structure has beautiful architectural decorations throughout with beautifully designed balustrades and balconies.

There is an underground connecting tunnel that opens up into the Gollakonda fort in Hyderabad. It is said that during a siege , this was used as an escape route. The, now dried path was once filled with water. Women were at first allowed to pass through it followed by the men who needed to flee off site.

This architecture possesses a mosque at the end of the open roof in the western end.  Also, there is a water cistern in the middle of the mosque bearing a small fountain.

Top 5 Cool Office Buildings In The World

These office building mentioned in the article are going to make you sit in fire. The most desirable location for any person who would want to work. Offices are boring places where a person is running in the hamster wheel for six days a week from nine to five. Ask these people, they would redefine this myth for you. These buildings are cool inside out.

Here is the list of the coolest office architectural marvels:

1) Cybertechture Egg in Mumbai, India

The Cybertechture Egg office only has the basic shape of the egg. Unlike the plain egg surface the office building has a lot of metal framework that gives it a glamorous appeal. And not only this the egg has been titled in such a manner that is has three underground floors and upper floors are pretty high. It is a genius engineering and a contemporary style. Working at such an office will never remind one of Sundays.

2) Google office in California, USA

The number one search engine Google doesn’t have a cell and boxes kind of office. The Google headquarters office is the dream workspace for any IT graduate. It has slides to traverse floors and trees growing inside  the office. The most abstract furniture include a high rope trolley, taxi seat, furniture with trees painted on them etc. There is a play room and a music room. The comfort and luxuries are at par with the beauty and aesthetic appeal.

3) Blue core in New York, USA

The looks of the Blue core office will drive you crazy and it will be hard to resist regretting your life. The beautiful office has delicate designs and looks like a seven star resort. It has been designed by the wold famous interior designer Justin Huxol. There is so much of detail and the most exquisite interiors. The workspace has small cabins with soft cushions. There are pillars with sitting space just like a small nest, to allow the employees to sit alone and enjoy working.

4) SoundCloud office in Berlin, Germany

The workspace is casual. There are benches that almost give one the feeling of sitting on the ground. The furnishings from the furniture to other amenities like shelves and computer table tops have been designed with the at most patience. The office looks sober and yet is very dynamic in design. It has been mainly based on wooden floor and framework. So it is an eco friendly office place too.

5) Ekimetrics Office in Paris, France

The beautiful Ekimetrics Office lives up to the popularity Paris has when is comes to vogue. The office can put any hotel to shame by its eye catching interior design. The wooden hanging chiks from roof, chandeliers, gold embellished ceiling with intricate patterns and huge glass doors make the Ekimetrics Office more than beautiful. The working area is covered from all sides by a bamboo fence wall. Working at such a place will make you crave Monday mornings.

Best 5 Swimming Pools In The World

Swimming pools can be a really different thing when they have been designed by an expert architect. Unlike a rectangular pit filled with water the world has swimming pools with some amazingly beautiful looks.

Mostly they are a part of seven stars and five star resorts. So you will have to spend a good amount for getting a dip in them. Nevertheless these amazing swimming pools are themselves enough for persuading you to stay at the resorts and relish the experience.

Here we have compiled a list of best five swimming pools around the world:

1) San Alfonso Del Mar Seawater Pool, in Chile

The San Alfonso Del Mar Seawater Pool is claimed to be the world’s largest swimming pool. The stark blue water and the pool stretching to infinity gives it a look of a lagoon more than a swimming pool. It has been divided into two sections, one is a triangular dome shaped shaded swimming pool which is connected to a smaller circular pool. There is a wooden surface with the most expensive pool side furniture and catering facilities.

2) Hanging Gardens swimming pool of Ubud Hotel in Bali, Indonesia

The revolutionary architectural plan of the Hanging Gardens swimming pool of Ubud Hotel has been formed in a L shape. This beautiful swimming pool is like a natural water pond amidst the palm trees and lush greenery. The pool side has been lined by small huts and relaxing chairs. The entire place looks like a little bower. The leafy shade acts like a canopy.

3) Floating lake pool of Hotel Tremezzo in Italy

Built on the lake Kumo Floating lake pool of Hotel Tremezzo is a pool that actually is a boundary enclosing a part of the lake. It has two bridge to reach to the inner pool that gives a beautiful view of the Bellagio mountains. It has the latest features and facilities like jacuzzi and Spa. The Floating lake pool of Hotel Tremezzo is an architectural gem and indeed one of a kind. It is actually a jaw dropout.

4) Golden nugget pool in Las Vegas, Nevada

The Golden nugget pool in Las Vegas is an indoor swimming pool which is situated underground. It has been created in such a way that a partition separates and allows one to view your neighbouring marine life. It has doors and passageway, through which one can travel and sea the marine fauna. The pool brings you close with the hidden wealth in the deep waters, while you yourself enjoy a dip in the same water.

5) Neemo 33 Pool in Brussels, Belgium

This is the world’s deepest pool actually meant for underwater diving. The pool has wells dig in deep. It has been stated in the Guinness book of world records as the world’s deepest swimming pool. It has window panes made with glass that can bear high levels of underground pressure. It is not simply a pool as a lot of infrastructure lies under water. This one is particularly a diving pool.

Top 5 Contemporary Stadiums Around The World

Stadiums are one of the most critical architecture developments. They have to have a huge seating capacity and at the same time each of the seat must give a clear view of the ground. While these stadiums have raised the bar of a high profile stadium, they are aesthetic architecture marvels too.

Take at a look at the world’s top five architectural marvel stadiums:

1) Bird Nest stadium, in Beijing China

The Bird Nest stadium, in Beijing has a capacity of 80000. This stadium is more attractive than just for the massive seating space. It was the host of Beijing Olympics 2008. But the real reason for it to come first in this list is the dome structure of the stadium. The stadium has a dome what looks like a bird’s news made of steel and Chinese ceramics.

The stadium looks a ball from outside and is a huge bowl inside!

2) San Siro Stadium in Milan, Italy

It started as a single floor and now stands tall with three tiers and a netted roof. The stadium is colossal and has a huge capacity of 80,000. It has a girder roof that makes it look right out of a movie set. It was established is 1925. The stadium has a all seated plan. The roof being the main charm stands on four tower like pillars. The other facilities like flood lights, digital displays needless to say are at par with the latest technologies.

3) AT & T Stadium, Texas

The stadium with a gigantic area and the biggest undivided audience seating space, AT & T stadium is the biggest contemporary stadium. It has retractable roof shades that are of a single span and thus again are a architecture wonder. It has huge glass doors.

4) Forsyth Barr stadium in Dunedin, New Zealand

The Forsyth Barr stadium is an indoor venue that has been designed to give all weather protection to the audience. Nevertheless all the features of an outdoor stadium have been retained by growing grass indoor. The roof size is equal to size of two fields. And that roof has been located so high that a  twelve storey building would look shorter when compared to its height. It is the place for many rugby matches which is the main sports for people from New Zealand.

5) Michigan Stadium in Michigan

The foundation of Michigan stadium was planned for a football stadium. In the early 1990s it had a huge capacity for over 72k people. Today it maintains its legacy of being the biggest football stadium in the nation, and has a capacity for over 1, 07000 audiences at a time. The design of the stadium is like a pit dug in the ground. The stadium has half of the structure underneath the ground to provide a strong framework.

Theses stadiums are more attractive than the sports played at the ground. They are internationally renowned and stand as the most beautiful stadiums of the world.

Top 7 Wedding Destination Locations That I Love

Who doesn’t want to say vows to their beloved in a picturesque location? Many people are opting to get married further away from home. They invite selective people to the wedding and make it a more private affair. There are many beautiful and romantic locations where couples can get hitched.

As an architect I believe I have an eye for beauty. I have shortlisted some places all over the world that just ooze romance:

  1. The Big Island, Hawaii, US : You might have guessed by now, it is the biggest island in the chain. It is known for its diverse topography having 11 out of 13 climatic zones. North and East coasts are wet and the West coast has lunar like landscape. There is something here for everyone. The guests can go underwater snorkeling, horseback riding, exploring the beautiful rainforest or just spending quality time with their better halves on the white sand beaches. There is nothing like saying I love you to your woman under a sheet of stars. The best part is that you can get hitched here any time of the year!
  2. Belize: If you are planning a wedding, Belize is the right spot. Anyone who gets married here can’t stop raving about it. Belize is situated on the north eastern coast of Central America. The islands offer seclusion and give couples a chance to bond. The guests can just laze on the beaches and build sand castles or go under the sea and explore the fish filled waters. It is an incredibly lush location making it ideal for couples to get married here. To know more about Mexico, click hereResorts here like the El Secreto and Hamanasi are immensely beautiful.  They can also be considered for wedding buffets.
  3. Jamaica: If you wish to mix some adventure and adrenaline into your wedding, Jamaica is the place for you. This Caribbean destination is the perfect locale for romance. Jamaica Inn, The Half Moon, Rose Hall Resort, Rock House Hotel are great for hosting weddings. The three magical words appear even more magical when said on a wooden bridge suspended over the water.
  4. Venice, Italy: Who does not want to pull off a George Clooney and get married here? It is probably the most preferred destination around the world. The city of Love as it is called is situated on more than 100 islands. Proposing love of your life in this lovation is only one of the lifetime memories you guys will make.Remember there are no roads, just canals. And the Italian local singers sing in the language of love! Can you think of a better audience to witness your wedding than Italy?
  5. Seychelles: It is the perfect place to start your married life. Seychelles is that one place you would like to visit often with your muse even after you get hitched.Turquoise water, green forest and gold and white sand, isn’t it just perfect for an exotic romantic wedding? You can book a white sand beach for your pink blushing beau. Planning a wedding in Seychelles is like planning a wedding amongst cinnamon trees and bougainvillea.
  6. Bermuda: Pink sand beaches and clear waters make Bermuda a favorite amongst couples. Bermuda has a lot of British charm plus offers those in attendance, a world class scuba diving, shopping and dining experience. The quaint charm of Bermuda puts it on this list. Bermuda has a lot of history and beauty that you can discover like the old St. George town which is a British town with architectural treasures and looks absolutely breath taking in wedding pictures.
  7. Paris, France: Who would turn down the offer to get married here? Paris seems to have been designed only for love and to celebrate love. Paris and its beauty do not require any introduction. From the majestic Eiffel Tower to Champs Elysee, Paris exudes romance. Paris looks even more spectacular at night making wedding photographs even more beautiful. There is nothing like saying “Je t’aime” to your lover at a romantic sunset in a resort that is located on the banks of the river Seine. Every time you blush, this city of love will blush right along with you.